Die Chemieindustrie Sudafrikas, die alles von der Kraftstoff- und Plastikherstellung bis zum Pharmabereich umfasst, ist die großte ihrer Art in ganz Afrika und wird vom Staat als Hauptantriebsmotor des Wirtschaftswachstums gesehen.Sie dominiert die Produktion in Sudafrika und tragt mehr zur Wirtschaft bei als jeder andere Industriezweig. Über die Halfte aller Arbeitsplatze in der Produktion entfallt auf die Chemieindustrie.Obwohl die Industrie nach wie vor von lokalen Unternehmen dominiert wird, sind einige internationale Konzerne mit lokalen Vertriebsniederlassungen vertreten und engagieren sich vielfach in der lokalen Produktion.BereicheDie Industrie wird vom Grundchemikalien-Bereich dominiert, dessen Flussigkraftstoffe, Olefine, organische Losungsmitte und industriellen Mineralderivate insgesamt 31% der Chemieproduktion des Landes ausmachen.Die anderen 10 Unerbereiche sind Plastikprodukte (ca. 20% der Produktion), Pharma (8%), anorganische Chemikalien (8%), Primarpolymare und Gummi(7%), organische Chemikalien (6%), Gummiprodukte (5%), Schuttgut- (5%) und Verbraucherchemikalien (5%), und Funktions- und Spezialchemikalien (5%).Obwohl drei dieser Bereiche – Kraftstoffe, Schuttgutchemikalien und Pharma – in Relation zur Gesamtwirtschaft uberdurchschnittliche Ergebnisse erzielen, ist Sudafrikas Chemieindustrie weltweit betrachtet relativ klein.Von den 80.000 Grund- bzw. Reinchemikalien, die derzeit weltweit gewerbsmaßig produziert werden, stellt Sudafrika ca. 300 her, zumeist geringwertige Rohstoffe in Massenproduktion.Staatliche StrategieDie sudafrikanischen Chemieexporte verzeichneten seit 1999 ein jahrliches Wachstum von ca. 19%. Begunstigende Faktoren waren neue Handelsabkommen und eine erhohte Wettbewerbsfahigkeit durch geringe Produktionskosten bei reichlich vorhandenen mineralischen und organischen Rohstoffen. Die Energiekosten sind relativ gering in Sudafrika und der Sektor profitiert von einer wirtschaftlichen, kostengunstigen Wasser- und Dampfversorgung.Allerdings wird nach wie vor mehr importiert als exportiert. Der Staat zielt darauf ab, dieses Missverhaltnis auszugleichen mit einer kurzlich eingefuhrten Industriepolitik zur Forderung von Exporten, die einen Mehrwert darstellen.Die lokale Industrie ist einseitig auf einen international wettbewerbsfahigen Upstream-Sektor ausgerichtet und vernachlassigt dabei einen nachgelagerten Sektor, der ein hohes Entwicklungspotential in sich birgt.Eine Umkehrung dieser Ausrichtung wurde der Industrie helfen, die Veredelungsexporte zu steigern und somit Arbeitsplatze zu schaffen. Die nachgelagerte Produktion ist arbeitsintensiver und zieht eine Vielzahl von kleineren Firmen an.Veredelung ist der Schlusselfaktor in dieser Strategie. Sudafrika hat einen naturlichen Vorteil in form von mineralischen Rohstoffen, die jedoch zumeist in Rohform exportiert werden. Es gibt jedoch – unter Ausnutzung der lokalen Arbeitskraft – betrachtliche Moglichkeiten zur Umwandlung dieser Materialien zu anorganischen Chemikalien, die als Exportgut einen Mehrwert darstellen.Staat und Industrie arbeiten daruber hinaus zusammen an der Ausbeutung der bislang ungenutzten Bodenschatzen, zu denen u. a. große Fluorvorkommen gehoren.PlastikSudafrikas Plastikindustrie ist gut in Form. Eine kurzlich veroffentlichte Übersicht in Engineering News listet eine Vielzahl von Herstellern von Produkten, die “im weltweiten Wettbewerb sowohl von der Qualitat als auch von der Performance her standhalten”.Der lokale Markt wird zu uber 50% von Verpackungsmaterialien dominiert. Die Industrie wurde vor einigen Jahren mit der Einfuhrung einer Abgabe auf Plastiktuten aus Umweltschutzgrunden hart getroffen.Aber man ist zuversichtlich, da auch die Regierung die Plastikherstellung mit als Hauptarbeitsplatzmotor sieht.Die Polymerproduktion ist ein potentieller Expansionsbereich. Sudafrika exportiert “erhebliche Mengen an Polymeren”, so die Plastics Federation of SA, importiert jedoch immer noch großere Mengen an polymerischen Halbprodukten wie zum Beispiel Styropor, was hier nicht hergestellt wird.Die meisten Plastikunternehmen in Sudafrika sind klein. Über 800 Unternehmen betatigen sich in der Plastikumwandlung. Manche sind dabei hochinnovativ, wie zum Beispiel Timber Plastics, ein Unternehmen, das Plastikabfall wie zum Beispiel Getrankeflaschen recycelt und sie zu Elementen wie z. B. Pfahlen, Brettern und Balken presst.GasverflussigungstechnikSudafrika ist weltweiter Marktfuhrer in kohlebasierter Synthese- und Gasverflussigungstechnik. Das Land gehort weltweit betrachtet zu den Billigherstellern von Äthylen und Propylen, dank des ungehinderten Zugangs zu geringhaltiger Kohle und dank hochwertiger Verfahrenstechnik.PharmaindustrieEs gibt große Moglichkeiten fur Pharmahersteller in Sudafrika. Die Regierung plant ein Entwicklungsprogramm fur die inlandische Pharmaindustrie durch gezielte Forderung der lokalen Produktion von anspruchsvollen Erzeugnissen wie zum Beispiel antiretrovirale Arzneimittel zur Bekampfung des HIV-/AIDS-Virus.Die Regierung mochte ebenfalls die Forschung und die technologische Infrastruktur fordern, um das Wachstum des Sektors zu stimulieren.UmweltschutzUmweltschutz ist ein Schlusselfaktor in der Entwicklung der Chemiebranche. Sudafrika hat die Umweltstandards der Industrielander ubernommen, darunter auch Initiativen zur Forderung eines kooperativen Umweltmanagements und Richtlinien fur die Entsorgung von Sondermull.Letzte Aktualisierung: September 2008SAinfo reporter. Quellen (Englische Websites):Department of Trade and IndustryStatistics South AfricaChemical and Allied Industries’ AssociationSouth African Chemical InstituteCHEMISSAPlastics Federation of South AfricaEngineering NewsBusiness Day
Aficionados of Marathi cinema and fans of iconic Marathi litterateur P.L. Deshpande — affectionately known as ‘Pu La’ — have news to cheer about as the city-based National Film Archive of India (NFAI) has acquired rare footage from a ‘lost’ Marathi film classic of the 1940s which starred Deshpande.The film, Vande Mataram (1948) directed by Ram Gabale, is a much sought-after memorabilia item high on the lists of Marathi film collectors and devotees of Pu La’s work.It marked the first time that the multi-faceted Deshpande, who starred alongside his wife Sunita, played the lead role following minor appearances in earlier films, Kuber (1947) and Bhagyaresha (1948).“The 35-minute footage that we have received has rekindled hopes that the complete film may yet be discovered. The footage, in form of a VHS tape, was given to us by Dinesh Thakur (Sunita Deshpande’s nephew) and film historian Satish Jakatdar along with U-matic tapes which contain previously unseen footage of Pu La playing the harmonium,” said Prakash Magdum, Director, NFAI.He informed that while the sound quality was all right, there was dire need to enhance the picture quality of the footage.Vande Mataram, made immediately after Independence but set during the freedom struggle, was a heady confluence of the most formidable talents to grace Marathi cinema during its heyday in the late 1940s. The film, shot in Kolhapur, was written by yet another legendary Marathi literary figure, the famed poet-writer Gajanan Digambar Madgulkar who also provided the lyrics, while the music was composed by renowned singer Sudhir Phadke.It was edited by Raja Thakur (who later became a director in his own right), helmed by the talented Mr. Gabale, a Prabhat Studios regular, and was produced by the maverick P.R. Bhide.The film, with its memorable music and songs, focuses on the patriotism of ordinary folks and is laced with gentle humour.“VandeMataram is indeed remarkable for the dazzling array of talent associated with it as Madgulkar, Pu La and Phadke constituted the veritable trinity of Marathi cinema during its golden age in the late 1940s and 50s. Its ‘lost film’ status has lent it a certain aura. The film was very dear to its composer, Sudhir Phadke, who had in fact visited Mr. Thakur’s residence in Mumbai following Pu La’s death in 2000 to search if the latter had preserved it in his collection,” said Mr. Magdum, speaking to The Hindu.He said that the footage featured a couple of songs and has Pu La singing a powada (ballad).“In particular, one song from this film, Ved Mantrahun Vandya, became a huge hit and endures in its popularity even till this day,” said Mr. Magdum.He further said that the acquisition was doubly delightful as by a happy coincidence this year happens to be the birth centenary of P.L. Deshpande, G.D. Madgulkar and Sudhir Phadke. Incidentally 2018 was the birth centenary of the film’s producer, P.R. Bhide.“Bhide was an interesting character who dabbled in a number of things including the cinema. Besides Vande Mataram, the other notable film he produced was Lalat (1947) where his auteurist tendencies were in full display in his highly innovative experiment of using 16 mm film to record sound instead of film,” Mr. Magdum said, remarking that Bhide later exited cinema to become a spiritual godman, establishing the Manashakti Center in Lonavla and assuming the name of ‘Swami Vijnananand’.Of the other memorabilia acquired by the NFAI, one of the two hour-long U-matic cassettes showcase the considerable Harmonium skills of the versatile Mr. Deshpande and were recorded sometime in Mumbai in the 1980s.The other cassette has his inimitable recitation of some of his beloved characters from his literary ouvre.In December 2015, the NFAI had received another rare ‘Pu La’ memorabilia in the form of Deshpande’s original handwritten script of the enduring 1953 Marathi classic Gulacha Ganpati which was later digitized by them.
Nikki Valdez rushes self to ER due to respiratory tract infection Pagasa: Kammuri now a typhoon, may enter PAR by weekend Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Pablo tows Pocari past Perlas LOOK: Jane De Leon meets fellow ‘Darna’ Marian Rivera LATEST STORIES Young, 32, was the 16th overall selection in the 2007 NBA draft. He spent the past four seasons with the Lakers, and averaged 13.2 points in 60 games last season.That included connecting on more than 40 percent of his shots from three-point range. His addition adds depth to the talent-laden Warriors, who have won two of the past three NBA titles.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsESPN reported that Young would make $5.2 million for the one-year deal, slightly less than the $5.7 million he would have received from the Lakers. CBB Pagasa: Kammuri now a typhoon, may enter PAR by weekend View comments Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Nick Young (center), playing for the Lakers in this Nov. 27, 2016 photo, battles for the ball against Atlanta Hawks forward Kent Bazemore (left) and forward Thomas Robinson. APLOS ANGELES, United States — Guard Nick Young, a free agent since declining a player option with the Los Angeles Lakers, is headed to the NBA Champion Golden State Warriors.“Congratulations to @NickswagyPYoung on your new contract with the @warriors! We are so happy for you!” a tweet from Priority Sports, the agency that represents Young, said Wednesday.ADVERTISEMENT Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Another vape smoker nabbed in Lucena MOST READ China furious as Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong
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View comments Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting ‘Rebel attack’ no cause for concern-PNP, AFP LATEST STORIES Lowry said Stevens has not reached out to him to apologize. Stevens, however, released a statement through the Warriors later Thursday saying he attempted to reach out and offer a direct apology to Lowry, the Raptors and the Warriors.“I don’t know him. I don’t care to know him,” Lowry said. “He showed his true colors at the time. And you show what you’re really about in that time and at that moment. … No, you showed what you really are.”Stevens said he accepted the punishment from the NBA.“I made a mistake and I’m truly sorry,” Stevens said. “I need to be better and look forward to making it right.”Lowry scored 23 points in Toronto’s 123-109 victory. The Raptors lead the series 2-1 going into Friday’s Game 4 at Oracle Arena.Thursday’s series of events began with an apology from the Warriors and an announcement that Stevens would not be allowed at any more games in this series. Players like Los Angeles Lakers standout LeBron James said that wasn’t enough, and James reached out to Lowry personally to offer his support. Hours later, the NBA came out with the decision to fine and ban Stevens.The NBA’s ban covers all league games and also forbids Stevens from being part of any team events.“If Kyle was to then hit back, a lot more than a fine would have then happened to Kyle,” Warriors forward Draymond Green said.This was not the first high-profile incident between players and fans this season.Oklahoma City’s Russell Westbrook was involved in at least two such scenes during the regular season, one of them leading to a fan’s permanent ban from all events at the arena the Utah Jazz call home. Westbrook reacted angrily after he said a fan at a Utah game made racist comments to him, and the league fined Westbrook $25,000 for responding in a vulgar manner. Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue MOST READ “It sucks that this has to take the front page of the finals,” Lowry said. “It’s been a fun finals. It’s been a competitive finals. It really sucks that this has to take part and had to be a part of it.”Warriors players and coaches lauded the way Lowry was able to keep his emotions in check, and many followed their team’s statement and offered apologies to both the Raptors and their point guard.“Obviously, when you see the video, it’s pretty clear who was in the wrong,” Warriors guard Stephen Curry said, who added that he doesn’t personally know Stevens.It’s unclear how large a stake Stevens has in the Warriors, and if the team will allow him to remain part of the organization. The team’s media guide lists Stevens – a Silicon Valley billionaire – as a member of the six-person executive board.“A team representative must be held to the highest possible standard and the conduct of Golden State Warriors investor Mark Stevens last night was beyond unacceptable and has no place in our league,” NBA spokesman Mike Bass said Thursday.ADVERTISEMENT Catholic schools seek legislated pay hike, too In this photo taken Wednesday, June 5, 2019, referee Marc Davis, left, gestures toward Golden State Warriors investor Mark Stevens, partially obscured in blue shirt, during the second half of Game 3 of basketball’s NBA Finals between the Warriors and the Toronto Raptors in Oakland, Calif. (AP Photo/Ben Margot)OAKLAND, California—Toronto guard Kyle Lowry wanted the Golden State Warriors’ executive who shoved him during an NBA Finals game ousted from the league.The NBA decided a one-year ban and $500,000 fine is enough for now.ADVERTISEMENT Mark Stevens, a Warriors’ investor and a member of the team’s executive board, was banned from the NBA for one year and fined Thursday – one day after he shoved Lowry during the fourth quarter of Game 3 of the Toronto-Golden State finals matchup. The NBA announced its decision not long after Lowry said Stevens “shouldn’t be a part of our league.”“Mr. Stevens’ behavior last night did not reflect the high standard that we hope to exemplify as an organization,” the Warriors said in a release. “We’re extremely disappointed in his actions and, along with Mr. Stevens, offer our sincere apology to Kyle Lowry and the Toronto Raptors organization for this unfortunate misconduct.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsLowry dove into a row of courtside seats in an effort to save a loose ball. Stevens, wearing an NBA-issued credential, was seated about two spots away from where Lowry landed. Stevens shoved Lowry in the upper body, and Lowry said he repeated a vulgar phrase to him about four times during the brief incident.The incident, and the fallout, was the dominant story on the off day between Games 3 and 4 of the series, which resumes Friday. Defense first for Gin Kings Duterte wants probe of SEA Games mess DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew Westbrook also was touched by a young fan who was seated courtside at another game, and reacted calmly.While not a player-fan exchange, New York Knicks owner James Dolan made headlines when a fan at Madison Square Garden told him to “sell the team” in an incident that was captured on video. Dolan told the fan he was rude, asked if he wanted to come to any more games and then told him to “enjoy watching them on TV.” And earlier in these playoffs, Raptors fan Drake actually massaged Toronto coach Nick Nurse’s shoulders during play – to the dismay of the league.NBA Commissioner Adam Silver said the league has “redoubled” efforts to make sure that fans understand what conduct is appropriate and what isn’t.“We have had lots of conversations directly with the players’ association, the players, because absolutely we want them to feel that they’re in a safe environment,” Silver said last week in Toronto when the NBA Finals were beginning. “And we don’t want them to be distracted during the game or think that they have to take matters into their own hand.”But Raptors star Kawhi Leonard said more needs to be done.“We have to do a better job, the NBA, just of making sure these fans don’t come in and think they can just touch guys and hit them,” Leonard said. “That’s a little extreme.”Lowry said fans who sit inches from the sideline or baseline should understand that they may get in on the action. Dwyane Wade famously fell on entertainment icons John Legend and Chrissy Teigen as they sat courtside for his final home game with the Miami Heat two months ago; luckily in that case, all three parties could laugh about it afterward.This was no laughing matter, and the Raptors were stunned to learn that Stevens was part of the Warriors’ organization.“I was shocked,” Toronto guard Danny Green said. “And a little appalled.”
For the 2018/19 fiscal year, the Government will continue to strengthen and modernise the justice system. For the 2018/19 fiscal year, the Government will continue to strengthen and modernise the justice system.Governor-General, His Excellency the Most Hon. Sir Patrick Allen, provided details during his 2018/19 Throne Speech in Parliament on February 15.“The Administration has already indicated that the Legislative and Constitutional Reform Programme is among the seven priority programmes and projects set out in the Ministry of Justice’s Strategic Business Plan 2018-2021 and Operational Plan 2018/19,” he said.The Governor-General said the legislative agenda will include the Authentication (Foreign Public Documents) Bill 2017, which allows for Jamaica to accede to the United Nations Convention that will allow public documents from Jamaica to be accepted in other countries.He said the Statutory Review of the Sexual Offences Act; the Constitution (Amendment) (Appointment of Additional Judges) Act, 2017 and Judicature (Parish Courts) (Amendment) Act, 2017, which aim to amend the Constitution to enable the retention of retired judges on a fixed-term basis; and the Judicature (Resident Magistrates) (Amendment) Bill and Judicature (Appellate Jurisdiction) (Amendment) Bill, which allow the prosecution to have a limited right of appeal, will also be brought to the House.The Governor-General said the Administration’s programme will contribute to the achievement of a modernised justice system, which Jamaicans deserve, starting with reducing the backlog of indictments and summary matters in the Parish Courts, improving the delivery of justice services in eight additional parishes through Justice Centres by 2019, and establishing the single anti-corruption agency.“The Justice Ministry will also work with the courts and the Ministry of Finance and the Public Service to increase the number of staff in the courts, to increase efficiency and effectiveness,” he said.The Throne Speech was delivered under the theme ‘Continuing on the Path to Prosperity’. The Governor-General said the legislative agenda will include the Authentication (Foreign Public Documents) Bill 2017, which allows for Jamaica to accede to the United Nations Convention that will allow public documents from Jamaica to be accepted in other countries. “The Administration has already indicated that the Legislative and Constitutional Reform Programme is among the seven priority programmes and projects set out in the Ministry of Justice’s Strategic Business Plan 2018-2021 and Operational Plan 2018/19,” he said. Story Highlights