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Wembley latest: Chelsea Ladies 0 Arsenal Ladies 1

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Analysis: South Africa’s Performance in UNDP Human Development Report 2015

first_imgThe United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 2015 Human Development IndexPresents the 2014 Human Development Index (HDI – values and ranks) for 188 countries and UN-recognized territories.South Africa ranks 116th out of 188. With an HDI value of 0.666 for 2014, South Africa is in the medium human development category.Steady increase in HDI value since 1990, moving up 7.2% from 0.621 in 1990 to 0.666 in 2014.South Africans today enjoy a longer, healthier life, have better access to education and a more decent living standard.Table: SA’s HDI trends based on consistent time series data and new goalposts 2010(2011 HDR)20112012(2013 HDR)2013(2014 HDR)2014(*2015 HDR)Rank123 (/187)123 (/187)121 (/186)118 (/187)116[1](/188)HDI Value0.6430.6510.6590.663+0.666Life expectancy at birth54.555.556.356.9+57.4Expected years of schooling13.513.513.613.6+13.6Mean years of schooling9.69.79.99.9+9.9GNI per capita (2011 PPP$)11,83311,97712,04112,134+12,122       1. BackgroundThe 2015 UNDP Human Development Report (HDR) focuses on the instrinsic relationship between work and human development. The Report defines work not only as employment, but as a means to contribute to the public good, reduce inequality, secure livelihoods and empower individuals.The 2015 HDR presents the 2014 Human Development Index (HDI – values and ranks) for 188 countries and UN-recognized territories.South Africa ranks 116th out of 188. With an HDI value of 0.666 for 2014, SA is in the medium human development category.As noted in previous years, the country has seen a steady increase in its HDI value since 1990, moving up 7.2% from 0.621 in 1990 to 0.666 in 2014.The National Development Plan (NDP) identifies human development as a critical part of inclusive growth and acknowledges its inadequate improvement in relation to education, health and safety. South Africa has a good story developing, indicated by the steady improvement of its Human Development Index (HDI) score over the last years.Table 1 below shows the comparability across years for South Africa, presenting trends using consistent data.[i]Table 1: Trends in South Africa’s HDI, 1990–2014Human Development Index (HDI)HDI rankAverage annual HDI growthHDI rankCountryValueChange(%)199020002010201120122013201420132009–20141990–20002000–20102010–20141990–2014116South Africa0,6210,6320,6430,6510,6590,6630,66611740,170,180,870,29Table 1 illustrates, among others, SA’s HDI average annual value increase of approximately 0.29% from 1990 to 2014. The rank is shared with El Salvador and Viet Nam.South Africa has made several gradual, yet significant strides over the past few years not only in its overall HDI ranking as mentioned above, but also in other areas. Between 2010 and 2014, Life Expectancy at Birth increased by 2.9 years; Expected Years of Schooling increased by 0.1 years[i] and Mean Years of Schooling increased by 0,3 years. Gross National Income (GNI) per capita also increased by 11.8% in this same period (See Table 2 below)Table 2: SA’s HDI trends based on consistent time series data and new goalposts  2010(2011 HDR)20112012(2013 HDR)2013(2014 HDR)2014(*2015 HDR)Rank123 (/187)123 (/187)121 (/186)118 (/187)116[i](/188)HDI Value0.6430.6510.6590.6630.666 éLife expectancy at birth54.555.556.356.957.4 éExpected years of schooling13.513.513.613.613.6 éMean years of schooling9.69.79.99.99.9 éGNI per capita (2011 PPP$)11,83311,97712,04112,13412,122 éSource: 2015 HDR 2. South Africa’s Progress Relative to Other Developing CountriesCompared to other countries in the medium human development category, SA’s HDI of 0.666 is above average (0.63). The country’s performance is even more impressive when compared to the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa, which has an average HDI score of 0.518.Based on population size, SA is closest to Namibia and Congo, which have HDIs ranked 126th and 136th, respectively.Table 3: SA’s HDI indicators for 2014 relative to selected countries & groupsHDI rankCountryHDI valueLife expectancy at birthExpected years of schoolingMean years of schoolingGNI per capita (PPP US$)63Mauritius0.77774.415.68.5$ 17,470108Egypt0.69071.113.56.6$ 10,512116South Africa 0.66657.413.69.9$ 12,122126Namibia 0.62864.811.36.2$ 9,418136Congo 0.59162.311.16.1$ 6,012140Ghana 0.57961.411.57.0$ 3,852145Kenya 0.54861.611.06.3$ 2,762152Nigeria 0.51452.89.05.9$ 5,341—Sub-Saharan Africa 0.51858.59.65.2$ 3,363—Medium HDI 0.63068.611.86.2$ 6,353Source: Briefing Notes for countries on the 2015 Human Development Report  Table 3 shows that South Africa performs fairly well compared to other big players on the continent, e.g. Ghana, Nigeria and Kenya, outranking all three. That said, Mauritius has made significant strides in its development. Starting from a slightly lower HDI score than South Africa in 1990 (0.619), the country has progressed significantly to become the highest ranking African country on the Index.Table 4: SA’s HDI indicators relative to BRICSRankCountryHDI valueLife expectancyat birthExpected Years of SchoolingMean Years of SchoolingGNI per capita (PPP US$)50Russian Federation0.79870.114.712.0$ 22.61775Brazil0.75574.515.27.7$ 15,17590China0.72775.813.17.5$ 12,547116South Africa0.66657.413.69.9$ 12,122130India0.60968.011.75.4$ 5,497Source: Briefing Notes for countries on the 2015 Human Development Report The table above indicates South Africa performs strongly on several indicators, namely the Mean Years of Schooling (coming second only to Russia) and its GNI (it comes in a close third to Russia and China). Although the country has performed weakly in the Rank indicator when compared with its BRIC counterparts, this should not deflect from its overall improvements in score over the past five years.3. ConclusionAs in the previous HDR, South Africa only has 1.3% of the total population living in severe poverty. Figures for Namibia and Congo, identified as its most “comparable” African counterparts, are much higher, with 13.4% and 12.4% of the population living in severe poverty, attesting to the fact that South Africans today enjoy a longer, healthier life, have better access to education and a more decent living standard.   Brand South Africa’s Research Notes, Research Reports and Web Analyses communicate findings from Brand South Africa research, related panel discussions and analyses of global performance indices. The publications are intended to elicit comments, contribute to debate, and inform stakeholders about trends and issues that impact on South Africa’s reputation and overall competitiveness.Views expressed in Research Notes, Reports and Analyses are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of Brand South Africa, or the Government of the Republic of South Africa. Every precaution is taken to ensure the accuracy of information. However, Brand South Africa shall not be liable to any person for inaccurate information or opinions contained herein.Contacts Dr Petrus de Kock – General Manager Research – petrusd@brandsouthafrica.comDr Judy Smith-Höhn- Research Manager – judys@brandsouthafrica.comMs Leigh-Gail Petersen – Researcher – leigh@brandsouthafrica.comEndnotes:[i] Note that because national and international agencies continually improve their data series, the data — including the HDI values and ranks — presented in the Human Development Report are not comparable to those published in earlier editions.[ii] The improvements in the Schooling categories are particularly impressive when considering the longer term improvements in this area. Between 1980 and 2014, Expected Years of Schooling increased by 2.2 years and Mean Years of Schooling by 5 years.[iii] There is an inconsistency with the ranking on the UNDP website. The pdf reports rank SA at 116, as does the online HDI ranking overview, while a click on the link to South Africa country website overview puts SA at 117th. Brand SA has contacted UNDP to clarify.last_img read more

Moving from the Spreadsheet to Irrational Logic

first_imgLogic is a powerful tool. With the development of our massive neocortex we have the ability to use logic instead of emotion alone. This trend begins with the Greeks and goes right on through the Age of Reason to where we are today.Most of the time we believe that logical decisions are better than emotional decisions. This is why major corporations and large companies have professionalized the purchasing process. They want to make sure that their buyers won’t (and can’t) make an emotional (or from their view, irrational) buying decision. Someone with a deep relationship built on trust and caring might be able to command a higher price than their competitor. That deep relationship is perceived as a threat to the buying company’s profitability. Paying a higher price is irrational.The spreadsheet is intended to be logical and rational. Buying organizations determine the criteria in weight that criteria to make rational decisions. Emotions and intuition are seen as weakness, something less than logic. But this isn’t true. There is another form of logic at work in relationships, even commercial relationships.Let’s call this type of logic irrational logic. It isn’t subject to a decision tree. You can’t embed it in a spreadsheet. It’s full of emotions and intuition.Think about the most important decisions you make in life. Think about who you choose to marry. Did you create a spreadsheet with weighted criteria? Love is totally irrational.Think about where you choose to live? What criteria was most important to you as you made that decision? Was it about how you were going to feel? Was it about the quality of your life? Was your choice of where to live the A-column in the spreadsheet you created?The last time you made a buying decision, was how much you trusted the seller and the company you bought from an important factor in making that purchase? It used to be that you trusted big companies. Now even size and brand are greeted with skepticism–at best.Things like trust and caring are important. They are an irrational form of logic. You may not be able to objectively identify and weight the criteria on the spreadsheet but there is something inside you that Intuit when someone is trustworthy, when someone truly cares about you, when someone is going to make a good partner, and when you should do business with them.Spreadsheets are not the very best way to make decisions. Just like a pre-employment screening, they are one tool you can use to get one view of a decision. But that tool is not in any way superior to your irrational logic, that logic you feel in your heart and in your gut.last_img read more

Establishing Yourself as a Trusted Advisor

first_imgTo be a trusted advisor, you need trust, and you need advice.What Is Not AdviceYour product is not advice. Nor is your service. Nor are the solutions that you happen to sell. The features, benefits, and advantages of what you sell are not advice either.Your management team isn’t advice, and as impressive as your board members may be, they aren’t advice. You know what else isn’t advice? All of your locations, and all of the logos of the big, recognizable, widely-admired companies you serve. As remarkable as your clients are, they are not advice.Your differentiation strategy isn’t advice either. The things that make you different and make a difference for your clients may help you distinguish yourself in a crowded market, but they are not advice.If you are spending the precious little time you have with your dream clients talking about you, your product, your company, your clients, and what makes you different, you are not “advising.”What Is AdviceWhat are all the forces weighing down on your dream client and causing them to produce results that are less than they should be? How should they be thinking about these forces, and what should they do about them?What are the risks of not responding to the systemic challenges that threaten your dream client’s business? What are their choices? What are the trade-offs? What are the risks of taking action now?What opportunities are available to your dream client now? Which provide them with the greatest advantages and which hAve the fastest return on invested time, money, and resources?How you engage with your dream client matters.Where you start the conversation is important because you are defining your relationship. If you begin the conversation with the things that you are comfortable talking about but that don’t create value, then you are not establishing that you have the potential to be their consigliere.If on the other hand, you start the conversation with strategically important issues, you demonstrate that you know something worth knowing, something that can benefit your dream client.Business acumen is the new sales acumen. s What is at risk by starting the conversation too low is nothing less than your relevance.last_img read more

Billy Zane And David CM Carter Launch The BREAKTHROUGH Project

first_imgActor Billy Zane (best known for Titanic) and international mentor David C.M. Carter are to launch The BREAKTHROUGH Project to teach students the components of being a great leader as well as how to create, build and share self-created economic opportunities.The project is set to launch in Chicago in 2014, Zane’s hometown. It aims to assist the positive work of local authorities to alleviate gun and gang deaths by helping underprivileged youth take on entrepreneurial endeavors.“The BREAKTHROUGH Project” was inspired by Carter’s book BREAKTHROUGH: Learn the secrets of the world’s leading mentor and become the best you can be (on-sale August 1), and to support this initiative David is donating 100% of his US profits from the sale of BREAKTHROUGH to “The BREAKTHROUGH Project.” David, known as THE MENTOR, has guided many of the elite CEOS and philanthropists in attaining success in their businesses, ranging from Kirsty Bashforth, Head of Organizational Effectiveness for BP to Joan Shafer, former Chief Learning Officer, Merryck & Co.. He has also helped over 50 clients become multi-millionaires and now shares with everyone his proven methods for success. For a great overview of the book & David’s history, you can watch him on After the Bell or in this video in which he gives an overview of his philosophyThere is a lot of discussion about Trayvon Martin & Chicago violence right now, and with this project Zane and Carter offer the flipside & highlight the positive preventative measures being taken to circumvent these issues.last_img read more